आधयात्मिक मूल्यों के लिए समर्पित सामाजिक सरोकारों की साहित्यिक पत्रिका.

Wednesday, November 5, 2008

Shrimad Bhagawat Gita Chapter 17 Verse 15

Anudwegakar vakyam satyam priyahitam ch yat.
Swadhyayabhyasanam chaiv vangmayam tap uchyate

Translation : -
The speech that is truthful, pleasing, beneficial and does not agitate anyone and also reading and reciting sacred text from scriptures are called Austerity of speech.

Purport :-
In this verse describing the austerity of speech the supreme Lord says that one's speech should be such that it does not arouse in anyone at any time any agitation or disturbance; which is true and is told without vanity or selfishness to others to make them understand; which is loving, sweet, simple and peaceful; which displays the qualities of love, kindness, forbearance and benevolence and which is not meant to harm any one at any time.
As is said Man should speak truth and pleasing words. He should utter words which are true but not unpleasant; and which are pleasant but not untrue. This is Sanatan Dharma (Eternal Religion).
The Guru tells story in this connection. Once a sage saw a cow rushing madly near his Ashram. A man also came running after the cow. seeing the sage he asked him if he had seen the cow. The sage understood in one glance that he was a butcher and if he told him in which direction the cow had gone he would surely kill her. But he could not utter a lie. so he said "One who saw (the eye saw) can not speak, and the one who can speak (the tongne can speak), did not see. Thus in spite of telling the truth he saved the cow.
Now, on examining we shall find that it is possible to speak such words only if man's heart is free from violence, jealousy, hatred or enmity and he is averse to talking ill about others or insulting other. such a person is always full of divine love for all.
Besides, studying and teaching scriptures, Vedas, Upnishadan, Bhagwat, Mahabharat etc. for spiritnal development of self and others is called svadhyaya or self-study.
Reciting and repeating such text over and over again, to memorise it, chanting the holy name and praying to god again and again is called abhyas or 'practise'.
practising all these and exercising restrain in speech (ie neither speaking nor reading anything nonsense) is called penance (Tapah) of speech.

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